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Which major U.S. cities aren’t staying at home during shelter in place?

As many states have issued stay-at-home orders, typical forms of transportation like driving — and even walking and public transit — have been significantly disrupted. The governors of up to 30 states have even implemented measures discouraging interstate travel.

These travel restrictions are unsurprisingly causing changes in driving behaviors. Miles driven have declined 55% over the last month, while driving frequency may be down as much as 40% according to recent numbers from Progressive Insurance. With fewer drivers on the road, top insurance companies like GEICO, Progressive, and State Farm are giving back 15-25% of customers’ premiums.

Staying at home isn’t always an option, though, especially for essential workers in hospitals or grocery stores. The Insurify Insights team dives into the data to understand how these regulations have changed mobility rates in cities across the United States.

Table of contents


  • New York City is #1. As the epicenter of the U.S. outbreak, it may come as no surprise that NYC has seen the biggest drop across all categories of mobility nationwide.

  • Pure Michigan. Michigan ranks in the top 4 for number of deaths, and the city of Detroit places in the bottom five for social distancing. This doesn’t paint a pretty picture for the state’s future; especially with mounting opposition to stay-at-home orders from a vocal minority.

  • A tale of two cities. Even though Seattle and Washington D.C. have a relatively low number of cases, they rank very high for following social distancing.

  • At home along the coasts. Coastal cities on average adhere approximately 10% more to social distancing than cities located farther inland.

  • Have transit, won’t travel. The cities with the most robust public transit systems, such as New York City, Boston, Chicago, Washington D.C., have seen the biggest drop in transit use. The higher your ridership, the more it can drop.


To determine which cities’ travel restrictions had the biggest impact on mobility in the United States, the researchers at Insurify, a website that lets users compare homeowners insurance rates, compiled data on relative changes in driving, walking, and use of public transit in 15 major cities. Numbers were provided by Apple, a consumer electronics company. The Apple Maps service compared the relative volume of directions requests per city to a baseline volume on January 13, 2020. The data is sent from users’ devices to the Apple Maps service and is anonymized.

The Insurify research team compared the change in relative Apple Maps directions requests 38 days before and after March 13th, 2020, the day President Trump declared a national state of emergency. The higher the percentage, the bigger the decrease in direction requests.

Best Cities for Sheltering in Place 2020

1. New York, NY - Overall decrease in mobility: 71.37%

2. San Francisco, CA - Overall decrease in mobility: 70.23%

3. Boston, MA - Overall decrease in mobility: 68.08%

4. Seattle, WA - Overall decrease in mobility: 63.92%

5. Washington D.C. - Overall decrease in mobility: 63.83%

6. Los Angeles, CA - Overall decrease in mobility: 63.78%

7. Chicago, IL - Overall decrease in mobility: 61.81%

8. Denver, CO - Overall decrease in mobility: 59.42%

9. Miami, FL - Overall decrease in mobility: 58.49%

10. Philadelphia, PA - Overall decrease in mobility: 57.21%

15. Baltimore, Maryland

  • Overall: 47.87%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 44.83%

  • Walking: 46.19%

  • Transit: 52.59%

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14. Atlanta, Georgia

  • Overall: 48.09%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 46.12%

  • Walking: 47.04%

  • Transit: 51.10%

13. Houston, Texas

  • Overall: 49.48%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 49.20%

  • Walking: 44.94%

  • Transit: 54.29%

12. Dallas, Texas

  • Overall: 50.04%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 48.73%

  • Walking: 46.43%

  • Transit: 54.96%

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11. Detroit, Michigan

  • Overall: 52.39%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 53.44%

  • Walking: 45.19%

  • Transit: 58.53%

10. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Overall: 57.21%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 50.20%

  • Walking: 56.61%

  • Transit: 64.84%

9. Miami, Florida

  • Overall: 58.49%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 55.38%

  • Walking: 56.80%

  • Transit: 63.30%

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8. Denver, Colorado

  • Overall: 59.42%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 54.19%

  • Walking: 56.86%

  • Transit: 67.21%

7. Chicago, Illinois

  • Overall: 61.81%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 50.62%

  • Walking: 59.77%

  • Transit: 75.05%

6. Los Angeles, California

  • Overall: 63.78%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 57.92%

  • Walking: 59.70%

  • Transit: 73.73%

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5. Washington, DC

  • Overall: 63.83%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 52.28%

  • Walking: 62.23%

  • Transit: 76.98%

4. Seattle, WA

  • Overall: 63.92%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 54.48%

  • Walking: 61.83%

  • Transit: 75.46%

3. Boston, MA

  • Overall: 68.08%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 56.51%

  • Walking: 68.25%

  • Transit: 79.50%

2. San Francisco, CA

  • Overall: 70.23%

  • Relative Decrease in Driving: 61.32%

  • Walking: 70.79%

  • Transit: 78.58%

1. New York City, NY

  • Overall: 71.37%

  • Relative Driving Decrease: 57.62%

  • Walking: 74.59%

  • Transit: 81.89%

Data Attribution

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Insurify Insights
Insurify InsightsData & Research Team

Insurify’s team of data scientists and content specialists presents Insurify Insights, a series of automotive, home, and health studies focusing on the topics that impact us all. Through expert analysis of over 4 million car insurance applications and an array of top data sources, the Insurify Insights team produces new data-driven articles, trend analyses, regional superlatives, and national rankings every week. See Insurify Insights as featured in Forbes, Fox News, USA Today, NPR, and more.