Come flood, windstorm, or earthquake, you want your insurance company to be working for you. Hazard insurance, in the correct amount, is the way how. 

We hate to break it to you, but you need hazard insurance. It’s a vital piece of your insurance puzzle. Though hazard insurance is commonly misunderstood, we promise that by the end of this article, you will:

  • Know what hazard insurance is
  • Know how much hazard insurance you need
  • Know how to get hazard insurance for a low price

So let’s dig in and get you the hazard insurance you need. 

Spoiler alert: Hazard insurance is part of any home insurance policy. Use Insurify to shop and compare home insurance rates today!

What Is Hazard Insurance?

Your mortgage lender will require you to carry hazard insurance as part of your loan agreement, and some hazards may be required. Luckily, hazard insurance is part of your home insurance policy, which is made of several components. These include:

  • Dwelling Coverage
  • Personal Property Coverage
  • Personal Liability Coverage
  • Additional Riders

Falling under the two categories in bold, hazard insurance covers the structure of your home from hazards, also called perils. The structure of your home includes:

  • Walls
  • Floors
  • Built-in Appliances
  • Roof
  • Attached Garage

Perils that you may need in your insurance plan include:

  • Fire
  • Smoke
  • Wildfire*
  • Windstorm
  • Hail
  • Lightening*
  • Weight of ice, sleet, and snow*
  • Freezing*
  • Volcanic eruption
  • Earthquake*
  • Power surges 
  • Burst pipes
  • Water damage (not from a flood)
  • Theft 
  • Vandalism
  • Vehicle Damage
  • Aircraft Damage
  • Falling Objects*
  • Riots
  • Explosions

Some perils will be covered through the dwelling component. Others, marked with an asterisk, usually require an additional rider or a separate policy

What You Need to Know About Open vs. Closed Perils

How do you know if a peril is covered? There are two ways a homeowners policy covers your risks: through open or closed perils. 

Closed Peril Policy Open Peril Policy
  • Perils covered are named in the policy.
  • Named perils can be found on the declarations page of your policy documents. 
  • Usually more expensive.
  • Perils NOT covered are named in the policy.
  • Excluded perils can be found on the declarations page of your insurance documents.
  • Usually less expensive. 

Hazard Coverage By Type of Policy

You may know that there are seven types of homeowners insurance policies in use. These policies interact with hazards differently. 

Type Open/Closed Perils

Basic Form

Closed Peril Policy. Covers 10 perils, which typically includes:

  • Fire, smoke, and lightning
  • Wind and hail
  • Theft, vandalism, riots, and civil unrest
  • Volcanic eruption
  • Explosion
  • Damage from vehicles or aircraft

Broad Form

Closed peril policy. Covers all perils in an HO-1 policy, plus a few extra. These usually include:

  • Weight of ice and snow
  • Freezing
  • Earthquake
  • Power surges 
  • Burst pipes
  • Water/steam overflow/discharge
  • Falling Objects

Special Form

Open peril policy. Usually covers everything in an HO-2 unless the peril is excluded. 

Comprehensive Form

Open peril policy covering your home and personal property. The broadest coverage of all policies. Best for people with high-value personal belongings.

Condo Form

Closed peril policy. Covers all perils as in the HO-2 policy, but only for the unit itself. Your HOA fees pay for insurance covering the condo structure as a whole. 

Mobile Home Form

Open peril policy. Similar to HO-3 policies, but tailored to mobile homes. 

Older Home Form

Open peril policy. Similar to HO-3 policies, but tailored to older homes. 

In case it’s driving you crazy, HO-4 is a tenants policy, commonly called renters insurance. Renters insurance is for personal liability and personal property coverage. Not the structure of a home. 

Hazard Insurance Reimbursement

There is one crucial detail we must discuss, and that’s reimbursement. The way you are reimbursed can make a big difference, not just in how you’re covered, but also how much you pay. 

Type of Reimbursement How it Works Expense
Actual Cash Value Reimburses you for the value of your property at the time it was damaged.  Low Cost
Replacement Cost Value Reimburses you for the cost of replacing your property, no matter what it’s currently valued.  Medium Cost
Extended Replacement Cost Reimburses you for the cost of replacing your property, plus  High Cost

How do I lower hazard insurance costs?

The key to getting cheap home insurance—remember hazard insurance is part of a home insurance policy—has three parts:

  1. Getting enough insurance to cover you when something goes wrong.
  2. Not getting more insurance than you need.
  3. Taking advantage of discounts.

The first two keys we just discussed. The third key, using discounts, is a great way to lower your rates that does not impact your coverage. You can ask your current insurance provider about all the discounts it offers. Some discounts will work for you, and some won’t. Common discounts include:

You can also pay a lower insurance premium by investing in your home. This includes:

  • Home improvements
  • Fire alarm systems
  • Burglary system 
  • Maintenance of trees 
  • Roof replacement

Some investments are more expensive than others. But it’s a good reminder that those pesky repairs and maintenance tasks mean you pay less over time. Homeownership is a long game. 

Hazard Insurance Frequently Asked Questions

Does hazard insurance cover floods?

It can if you add flood insurance to your policy. You can also purchase flood insurance through another carrier if that makes sense for you and your budget. If you live in a flood-prone area, flood insurance is a must. Not only will it protect you when the water rises, but also your mortgage company will require you to carry it. 

How much hazard insurance should I buy?

It’s all about balance. You want to be safe, but you don’t want to pay more than you need to. In short, your insurance coverage limits should be high enough to restore all of your personal property and rebuild your home from scratch.  Keep in mind that the higher your policy limits, the more you’ll pay for coverage. But limits set too low means you’ll pay out of pocket for costs that exceed your limits. And don’t forget to adjust your coverage every year or two. Your inventory of personal belongings will change. Plus, inflation and other factors can influence the cost of repairs.  The same goes for your deductible. While a high deductible lowers your premiums, it also means you’ll pay more out of pocket in the event of an insurance claim. If you decide to raise your deductible, be sure to keep a deductible rainy day fund. Already having that money set aside makes it that much easier when things go wrong. 

What if my homeowners insurance company won’t cover a hazard?

If you live in an area prone to certain natural disasters, you may have a hard time getting that hazard covered. Earth movement, like mudslides and landslides, is notoriously difficult. In this situation, you may have to purchase a separate policy to cover it. Going local or using an (expensive) alternative like surplus line insurance, can help you if you’ve hit a wall. 


Conclusion: The best way to save on home insurance

Hazard insurance may sound scary, but by now, you know it’s not so bad. It’s an essential, maybe the most essential, part of your home insurance policy. And you know that discounts are an important way to get cheap home insurance without sacrificing coverage. 

Ready for home insurance right now? Use Insurify to customized free quotes and explore your policy options. Your best rate for home insurance is waiting for you, shop now!

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Updated October 23, 2020

J.J. Starr is a health and finance copywriter who enjoys helping readers find the information they need. In addition to her background in banking and financial advising, she is also a poet with an MFA from New York University. She lives in Amherst, Massachusetts. You can learn more at