When considering life insurance, your needs and circumstances are the key players in determining the plot of your insurance policy. 

Life insurance is designed to financially protect you and your loved ones. Your life insurance contract can create an estate, provide income replacement, pay off credit card debt, and more in the event of a loss. Your policy’s coverage should play to your circumstances and priorities.

Using a life insurance comparison website like Insurify will enable you to fine-tune your coverage amount to align with your budget. The coverage amounts of insurance policies vary as much as insurance products and premiums. Use Insurify to compare life insurance quotes and find the ideal policy that attunes to your needs, goals, and budget.

Find the Right Life Insurance Policy Today!

Compare Quotes

Do you need a life insurance policy?

If you are starting a family, buying a home, or preparing an education fund for your child, a life insurance policy should be a serious consideration for your financial planning. A life insurance policy ensures your family’s financial security in the event you and your income are no longer there for support. With this in mind, you can determine the value of a life insurance policy to you and your household.

You don’t have to break the bank to ensure your family meets financial obligations in the event of your passing. You can purchase a term life insurance policy, which does not grow cash value and is less expensive than a whole life insurance policy. A term life insurance policy will provide for your family’s needs in the event of your passing and also give you peace of mind.

A term life insurance policy provides coverage for a number of years or until you reach a certain age. Term life insurance policies have premiums that come in three forms: level term, which has a level death benefit and premium; decreasing term, where the premium and benefit level decrease until they reach zero; and increasing term, where the premium and death benefit increase with time.

How to Decide How Much Life Insurance You Need

When deciding the amount of coverage right for you, the best course of action is to examine your annual income, financial needs, and obligations. 

Consider a level term insurance policy to provide a death benefit comparable to your annual salary, a decreasing term policy to ensure car loans or student loans are paid off, and an increasing term policy to cover increasing expenses as your life changes. 

Assessing Your Life Insurance Needs

There are many reasons to purchase a personal life insurance policy, such as providing an inheritance for your children or paying off any unpaid debts and final expenses. When assessing your life insurance needs, insurers and their insurance agents use methods to help you decide how much life insurance to buy. These methods include the human life value approach and the needs approach.

The human life value approach calculates your future earnings and subtracts taxes and necessary living expenses to give you a lump-sum death benefit amount. This method of determining your life insurance needs is not as detail-oriented as the needs approach. The human life approach is more of a generalized method of determining your life insurance needs.

The needs approach reviews each individual’s specific needs in determining the amount of life insurance to buy. It examines your current income, your family’s income, your personal assets and liabilities, expenses, financial needs and goals, and your risk profile (chance of loss). This type of approach addresses two basic insurance needs, a lumpsum death benefit and providing survivors with a standard of living.

Lump-sum death benefits can cover a variety of expenses, like medical and funeral costs, debt, and estate taxes. It can also be used to ensure dependents have an emergency fund, can pay off a mortgage balance, or can pay for their education. Another factor in assessing your life insurance needs is your dependents’ ongoing income needs.

A lump-sum amount will pay out immediately upon your passing away, but your family may need a stream of income to preserve their standard of living. Social Security benefits provide some income for a limited amount of time but probably won’t cover your family’s standard of living. A family income life insurance policy is a term insurance policy that pays a monthly income to beneficiaries.

Deciding Your Term Length   

When buying life insurance, the length of time you pay premiums should be a factor. With a permanent insurance policy, you may pay premiums your entire life; with a term insurance policy, you pay premiums for the length of the policy’s term. This could be until you reach a certain age or for a specified amount of years.

When deciding your term length, examine your financial concerns. If you want to ensure funeral expenses are met upon your passing, a 20-year term insurance policy is a good option. The policy stays in force as long as you maintain the premiums and can be renewed if you outlive the policy term.

A decreasing term insurance policy is the best option to pay off unpaid debt and cover financial needs, such as mortgage payments, car loans, or your child’s education. The term length is the length of the mortgage or other loans, and the premium and balance decrease as you make payments toward the loan until it is a zero balance.

You should also take into consideration your minor children and how they would be taken care of in the event of your passing. A term life insurance policy for the amount of time it takes your children to mature will cover child care if you pass away before they reach adulthood.

Calculate Your Life Insurance Coverage Amount 

Your life insurance death benefit is called the face amount of the insurance policy and is also the coverage amount. These three terms are interchangeable and indistinguishable. If you have a $50,000 life insurance policy, the death benefit, coverage amount, and face value of the policy are $50,000. 

An established method consumers use to pinpoint how much life insurance to buy is DIME, an acronym for debt, income, mortgage, and education. When calculating your life insurance using the DIME formula, count all the debt you would have if you died tomorrow, plus future costs like your final expenses

Next, multiply your annual salary by the number of years you believe your income should provide for your family (until they can provide for themselves). For instance, if you are the breadwinner, your spouse is a stay-at-home parent, and your child is 10 years old, a reasonable number of years to provide for your spouse and child is eight. Your child will be an adult, and your spouse may be able to provide more effectively by then.

After this, factor in your remaining mortgage and your child’s education fund (if applicable). This will be your DIME recommended coverage. For example, you are $30,000 in debt, have an annual income of $75,000 that you want to last eight years, have a $50,000mortgage, and want $100,000for your child’s education. Here’s the DIME formula in action: $30,000 + $600,000 ($75,000 x 8 years) + $50,000 + $100,000 = $780,000.

How Term Life Insurance Premiums Are Determined 

Insurance premiums are determined during the underwriting process and are individually assigned. Underwriters and actuaries base premiums on three components: mortality, interest, and expenses. Life insurance companies use the Commissioners Standard Ordinary (CSO) table to gauge the mortality experience in the U.S.

The current CSO table used by actuaries was instituted in January 2020 and was taken in 2017. Before that, insurance companies used a CSO table from 2001. A medical exam or an attending physician’s statement is considered by underwriters in determining your premium. Also, the older you are, the more expensive your premium will be because your risk factors increase with age.

The more interest your insurer can earn through your premium investments, the less it needs to charge in premiums. Whether your insurance policy develops cash value or not, insurance companies deposit premiums into general accounts that grow interest. This factor helps reduce your premium payments.

The final factor in your premium amount is expenses, or cost of insurance. These expenses include your insurer’s rent, salaries, commissions, benefits, and field expenses. Led by these needs, expenses cover all operational costs, provide a margin of safety to the insurer, and contribute to profit.

Term Life Insurance Quotes

With mortality rate, interest, and the operational costs of life insurance in mind, let’s take a moment to explore different life insurance quotes for a 10-year term, from some of the leading term life insurance companies

Company Name Average Monthly Quote
Penn Mutual $32.32
MassMutual $33.77
Bestow $48.41
Vantis Life $64.46
Assurity $74.72
Sagicor $81.52
Haven Life $91.42
Fidelity $146.25
Pacific Life $164.12
Mutual of Omaha $167.66

To find out what kind of life insurance quotes you’re eligible for, check out Insurify. With Insurify, you can compare life insurance quotes from up to 20 different insurance companies all in one place!

Find the Right Life Insurance Policy Today!

Compare Quotes

Make Sure You’re Buying the Right Life Insurance Policy

With Insurify, you will be able to compare policy premiums from top-notch insurance companies in a matter of minutes. Using Insurify will aid you in your financial ventures by helping you determine which policy and premium are the best fit for you, your family, and your financial goals, needs, and objectives.   

Updated January 8, 2021

Aissa Martell is a licensed insurance producer in the State of New York. She is a creative writer and has been freelance writing for five years. She’s happy to share her knowledge of the insurance industry and its products.